Senin, 11 Februari 2013

FRONT PEPERA PAPUA BARAT: Together with the History of the Morning Star in West Papua-Indonesia

From :              The General Chairperson, Selpius Bobii  -  FRONT PERSATUAN PERJUANGAN RAKYAT PAPUA BARAT (Front PEPERA PB)
Subject  :         Open letter of Appeal for Internal Political Compromise for the Nation of Papua.
Nature   :          Exceedingly Important / Urgent
To          :         All Leaders of the Different Components of the Nation of Papua and to All West
Papuan Activists in every nation.

Together with the History of the Morning Star.

Greetings of unity and liberation! There is one absolute must for all components of the nation of Papua both within Papua and overseas to bring about a Political Compromise to save the Papuan Peoples Struggle for total freedom. This is to break-through the political rigidity which has for so long held back the nation of Papua and prevented us from going forward in our Struggle to victory. This 'political rigidity' referred to is due to both internal and external factors. Amongst others, several causative internal factors include:

a) An extreme level of factionalism
b) An excessive number of organizations
c) Following own wants and not the national interest
d) The existence of reactionism

At the same time external factors imposed by the State of Indonesia increasingly prevent the Struggle going forward and this has occurred through use of a number of authorized means. Indonesia manipulates the situation to create scenarios that take advantage of the internal political rigidity of the nation (people) of Papua. The mechanisms applied by the Republic of Indonesia to defend Papua include strategies of dividing the people - 'divide and conquer' politics of colonizers. Such methods were previously similarly applied by the Dutch when they colonized Indonesia and now the same strategies are being ironically applied back by the Republic of Indonesia to bring about the collapse of the Struggle of the people (nation) of Papua.

The present rigidity of the internal politics of Papua can be broken by a number of approaches, amongst which one is a political compromise between all the different components of the nation of Papua. The urgency of internal political compromise is  evident from a recognition of the fact that the primary obstacle to the Struggle moving forward is the lack of unity amongst the various components of the nation of Papua. To look in more detail at this lack of unity, the many components of the nation of Papua are divided into basically three wings:

a) The Military wing
b) The Civilian wing
c) The Diplomatic wing

The political rigidity amongst these three wings is plainly obvious on analysis. The military wing has broken-down into two strongholds being the National Liberation Army of West Papua (Tentara Pembebasan Nasional West Papua (TPN- PB)) commenced on 1 July 1971 and the Revolutionary Army of West Papua (Tentara Revolusioner Papua Barat (TRPB)) as set up by Sam Karoba and his companions. These two divisions operate totally separately without coordination between the two and without a central military command. Looking at (b), even the civilian wing is so rigid that it is indeed fatal. Again and again we roll-out formal and informal forums to discuss the internal consolidation of the various components of Papua's Struggle, yet still we haven't succeeded in breaking down the rigidity of Papua's internal politics (which in fact by this time  is so rigid it has'crystallized'.) In terms of the diplomatic wing,  the lack of unity of the people (nation) of Papua is even impacting on diplomatic players overseas. Papuan diplomats in a range of countries are these days broken down into their many 'fortresses', with these structures having been previously built in the civilian and military wings in the state of West Papua.

The end result, internal political rigidity of the nation of Papua and this can be seen in the fact that to date:

1) We have yet to become united in terms of the idealogical concept of 'struggle'
2) We have yet to become united in our agendas and programs
3) We have yet to become united into one political body
4) We have yet to be united under one central political leadership

These are in fact the four most important determining factors in the Papuan Struggle and precisely those factors which we have disregarded until the present time. Suppose these four critical elements could be fulfilled and organized, then the three wings could be coordinated beneath one command which would be responsible for the politics of the nation of Papua. The lack of unity of the nation (people) of Papua has resulted in us throwing away opportunity after opportunity that has existed and has  therefore prolonged our wait for the recognition of full sovereignty. Even though at this time the State of Indonesia is being pressured by and is receiving requests from the international community for Republic of Indonesia to enter into dialogue with the people (nation) of Papua to discuss the problems of Papua, unfortunately Indonesian Officials are responding by asking 'Indonesia is to enter into dialogue with which leaders of Papua as Papua has many leaders?'.

 There is still a lot of dark propaganda being spread against Papuans by campaigns of the Indonesian State via a range of both formal and informal forums that are being held in many countries of the world in order to convince the world community to reduce the pressure on Indonesia regarding the many problems in Papua. Notice that whether consciously or not, we have and continue to paralyze the Struggle of our nation of Papua with our lack of unity. The State of Indonesia is taking advantage of our weaknesses to apply politics of 'divide and conquer' and in doing so is incapacitating the very joints of the Papuan Struggle. They are attacking at our very roots.

We can't allow this internal political rigidity of our nation Papua - which until now has slowly-slowly been paralyzing us internally and externally – to continue. Our Movement is not static but rather dynamic and at every moment the Freedom Movement moves from one point to another, and from one phase to the next. There are two possibilities that can eventuate from our Struggle for Freedom :

a) We move forward quickly ('revolution') or
b) We go backwards / retreat ((becoming a victim of )'evolution')

The Struggle of Papua has now continued for more than 50 years and the condition of the Struggle lies in the second category above, that is (becoming a victim of) evolution. We have yet to lift the status of the Struggle of Papua to the first category above as our three wings of the Struggle are not yet solid enough to be able to individually implement tasks as planned, with correct direction, systematically and in-line with the stated objectives beneath a single leadership of political command. We would do well to learn from Timor Leste which only struggled for 24 years (1975-1999) under the reins of Xanana Gusmao following which they achieved final victory through a referendum. Indeed total freedom is not as easy as turning over the palm of the hand. It requires commitment and must be complete and accompanied by perseverance, loyalty, patience, integrity, sincerity, humility of heart, an attitude of perseverance and courage to sacrifice  and with an attitude of sacrifice without reward. With this the Struggle will head towards total freedom. The Freedom Movement is like blood which flows within our arteries and which is kept pumping by the heart. Our dreams , visions and longings for our nation of Papua to be totally free, are like the heart which pumps within every child of Papua and every sympathizer who struggles alongside us wherever they may be. If a person does not have the pulse of longing for total freedom then he or she has never been moved or doesn't have a heart to struggle. They just surrender to whatever will be and accept their conditions like a slave of the colonial regime. But we have a longing for total freedom. A longing that is itself like a heart that keeps pumping such that we struggle to break the chains of oppression under the Republic of Indonesia and it's allies.

Moved by our longings for freedom we have until now and will continue to struggle together to oppose that oppression in an atmosphere of constant crises and rigid external politics. For so long now we have allowed the rigid politics of Indonesia to violently attack us and bring us down in the Struggle. Now is the time for us to make a commitment together to breakthrough Indonesia's rigid politics by making an internal political compromise as the people of Papua.

In order to make sure a compromise there are seven basic principles which we would need to commit to together, being:

1. That the goal of the Papuan Struggle must be to achieve our liberty / total freedom through return of our full sovereignty in order to uphold our self-dignity as individuals and as the nation (people) of Papua.
2. That our Struggle needs to be one and together in the interests of saving the people (nation) of Papua from marginalization, discrimination, injustice, becoming a minority in our own land and the extinction of the Papuan ethnic race by slow but sure means. And that this be our most important and primary task which requires an urgent response.
3. Our interests need to be one and the same being to develop the nation of Papua as our second most important / primary task
4. In the interests of the unity of the nation of Papua, those partitions created by those who would divide us and which have grown up fertile until now such as factionalism, arrogance attitudes of  following own wants and not the national interest and reactionism, must all be buried.
5. The unity of the nation of Papua must be built on values that bind us together including mutual appreciation, mutual recognition, mutual strengthening of the other, mutual protection of each other, solidarity, working together, recognizing of shared destiny, sharing acceptance of responsibility and humility.
6. Holistic unity of the nation of Papua must be built based on motivation for internal political compromise such that we are united on the idealogical concept of the struggle, united in our agendas, strategies and programs, united in one political body (without the dismantling of factions and organizations which exist) and united in political leadership
7. Finally we must take steps together and operate under a single command in order to reach the one goal and for our steps to be based on love, faithfulness, honesty, solidarity, truth, justice, democracy, upholding of human dignity and a respect of human rights.

These seven basic principles could become something we grasp hold of together and which could herein become the beginning of our internal political compromise for the nation of Papua. A compromise which has at its very core :

a) Compromise in order to agree on the concept (ideology) of the Struggle
b) Compromise in order to agree on agendas, strategies and programs
c) Compromise in order to agree together on a single political body
d) Compromise in order to agree on, to receive and to recognize those who will take responsibility for a central political leadership of the nation of Papua.

Internal Political Compromise for Papua will mean that all components of the nation of Papua will need to soften their hearts in order to be united in all of the areas (a) to (d) listed above. It is hoped that the compromise together might involve mature consideration so that the political choices made and each step taken might bring about results that are advantageous for our Struggle rather than harmful to our movement. In making internal political compromises, each one of us will need to consider our strengths and weaknesses so that we can agree on concepts (ideology), agendas and strategies, on a body politic and a central political leadership that can  speed up the path to full sovereignty.

A political compromise will require a consideration of matters including : support for a majority in the Papuan community; the strength of democracy; the strength of politics; the strength and extent of organizations; and work strategies. In the Writer’s opinion, the results of the III National Papuan Congress could well be received as a 'bargaining position' with which the nation of Papua can move forwards towards those international mechanisms (that will enable us to receive recognition of our full sovereignty). We must be careful that we do not choose a 'bargaining position' that is too cheap as our self-worth individually and the value of our nation must not be reduced again.

The Writer is convicted that our position will become stronger if we can open our hearts and with a softening of our hearts together with compromise, receive the results of the III National Papuan Congress. Even though clearly there will be some Papuans who would find it hard in their hearts to receive these results. So that by this means we may step forward together to struggle for legal recognition and restoration of the powers of administrative governance with our heads lifted up. As our position is just as high as the Republic of Indonesia -  two nations (Indonesia and Papua) and two states (NKRI - NFRPB).

The road of internal Political Compromise for the nation of Papua needs to be undertaken within the framework of accelerating the recognition of restoration of the independent sovereignty of Papua and the acceleration of carrying out a referendum. After we attain victory, all components of the nation of Papua will sit together in a democratic forum of the highest order to organize our nation and state of Papua as desired by the community of Papua. These matters are some of the more detailed aspects of the Internal Political Compromise which the writer cannot include here as these are matters to be discussed and agreed to at the level of leadership of the different components of the nation of Papua.

In response to this Letter of Appeal, we will with an open heart await perceptions back from the leaders of the different components of the nation  of Papua wherever you may be located. We hope the different components of the Struggle will discuss these matters and take concrete steps towards bringing about an internal political compromise for the nation of Papua towards international mechanisms for the purposes of hastening the breaking of the chains of oppression of the Republic of Indonesia and its allies in West Papua.

If this Internal Political Compromise in order to hasten our becoming totally united can not occur,  then we will seek  an alternative mechanism which meets the agreement of all the components of the nation of Papua together, wheresoever they may be located.

This letter is but an invitation to act and in principle is not intended to force or compel those in the Struggle. The Writer values and respects every effort and sacrifice which is made in the Struggle for our nation of Papua. Every drop of blood, of sweat and of tears is a sacrifice of the highest order and cannot be bought with any offer; The only end is total liberation, full sovereignty for  West Papua. Accordingly this open letter is for consideration and follow-up by leaders and activists of the various components of the nation of Papua in its three wings (military, civilian and diplomatic) wherever you may be. Let us work together to rescue the ship of West Papua which
 is being tossed about in the storm of the political internal and external rigidity.

Thank you.

' Unity without limits, Struggle until Victorious!'

Abepura, 11 February 2013


Selpius Bobii

General Chairperson
Front PEPERA West Papua
and Political Prisoner Abepura Prison

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